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Seven Gods of Fortune

 

Setagaya

弁財天

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Other Gods of Fortune:

 

Benzaiten - Tokyo Tourist Guide

 

弁財天

Benzaiten

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

          Benzaiten is the Japanese name for the goddess Saraswati; there was an important river in ancient India of this name. Worship of Benzaiten arrived in Japan during the 6th through 8th centuries, mainly via the Chinese translations of the Sutra of Golden Light, which has a section devoted to her. She is also mentioned in the Lotus Sutra. She is often depicted holding a biwa, which is a traditional Japanese lute.  

          Her Sanskrit name is "Sarasvatî Devî", which means "flowing water", and so Benzaiten is the goddess of everything that flows: water, words (and knowledge, by extension), speech, eloquence, and music. The characters used initially to write her name, read "Biancaitian" in Chinese and "Bensaiten" in Japanese (辯才天), reflected her role as the goddess of eloquence. Because the Sutra of Golden Light promised protection of the state, in Japan she became a protector-deity, at first of the state and then of people.

          In the end, she became one of the Seven Gods of Fortune, and the Sino-Japanese characters used to write her name changed to 弁財天 (Benzaiten), which reflects her role in bestowing monetary fortune. Sometimes she is called Benten, although this name refers to the goddess Lakshmi.

          In the Rig-Veda (6.61.7) Sarasvati is credited with killing the three-headed Vritra, also known as Ahi ("snake"). This is probably one of the sources of Sarasvati/Benzaiten's close association with snakes and dragons in Japan. She is enshrined on the Island of Enoshima in Sagami Bay, about 50 kilometers south of Tokyo, and numerous other locations throughout Japan; and she and a five-headed dragon are the central figures of the Enoshima Engi, a history of the shrines on Enoshima written by the Japanese Buddhist monk Kōkei (皇慶) in AD 1047. According to Kōkei, Benzaiten is the third daughter of the dragon-king of Munetsuchi (無熱池; literally "lake without heat"), known in Sanskrit as Anavatapta, the lake lying at the center of the world according to an ancient Buddhist cosmological view.

          Benzaiten has been syncretized with some Shinto goddesses.

 

Find a temple of Ebisu:

Bentendo in Ueno


 

 

Other Gods of Fortune:

  
       
   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   
  Fukurokuju Ebisu  
 

 

 

 

 

 
 Hotei Benzaiten Daikokuten 
   

 
  

  
  Bishamonten Jurojin  

 

 

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