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Shinjuku Gyoen


160-0014 Tokyo, Shinjuku-ku, Naito-cho 11

Tel.: 03-3350-0151






At beginning of the Edo Era the grounds of Shinjuku Gyoen belonged to

the residence of the warlord Naito Kiyonari. As one of the loyal daimyos of the first Edo Shogun, Tokugawa Ieyasu, he had been given the property for his good services. It stayed in the Naito family for the next generations.





Sendagaya Gate





Main Gate




French Formal Garden




English Landscape Garden


Japanese Garden


Okido Gate


Shinjuku Gate

When the Edo Era had come to an end, the land was turned over to the Meiji administration and the Naito Shinjuku Experimental Station was established. The Meiji government was eager to adopt western knowledge and modernize the country. Therefore the aim of the station was to study western methods of growing fruits and vegetables, cattle farming, and silk production.

Later it was converted into the Shinjuku Botanical Garden, but  from 1906 to 1949 it was the Imperial Garden, after which it was opened to the public and has been known since then as the Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden.

When it was completed as the Imperial Garden in 1906 it had been transformed into an exquisite example of a modern western garden by the Meiji administration. The garden was designed by the French horticulturalist, Henri Martine according to the concept of the agricultural scientist, Fukuda Hayato.




Shinjuku Gyoen, (a ten-minute walk east from JR Shinjuku station). A large public garden, and one of the most popular places for viewing cherry blossoms in the spring. It has an English garden, a Taiwanese teahouse, and a botanical conservatory. ¥200, children under 15 ¥50, children under 6 free



Shinjuku Gyoen was constructed on the site of a private mansion belonging to Lord Naito, a "daimyo"(feudal lord) of the Edo era. Completed in 1906 as an imperial garden, it was re-designated as a national garden after the Second World War and opened to the public. With 58.3 ha(144 acres) in size and a circumference of 3.5 km, it blends three distinct styles, French Formal Garden, English Landscape Garden and Japanese Traditional Garden, and is considered to be one of the most important gardens from the Meiji era.


The garden has a huge area which covers 58.7 hectares in Shinjuku Shintoshin, and it represents a rare format for Japanese landscape gardens, skillfully combining three very different styles; French formal style, Japanese, and British landscape garden styles. The densely growing trees now number more than 20,000, and special varieties never seen in Japan before such as tulip trees, plane trees, and Himalayan cedar trees can be seen here, creating an entirely individual and rare sight with their immense size. The 1,500 cherry blossom trees are a famous sight in spring, and the summer greens, autumn chrysanthemums and autumnal leaves, and winter greenhouse and landscape provide beautiful fresh air and calm, that feels like an oasis in which the thronging noise of Tokyo could be a million miles away.

11 Naitou-machi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo

Admission Fee
200 yen

Mondays (if the Monday is a national holiday, the following day), Dec. 29-Jan. 3

Tokyo Metro Shinjuku Gyoen-mae/ On foot/ 5 min. Tokyo Metro Shinjuku 3-chome/ On foot/ 5 min. JR Shinjuku Minamiguchi (south exit)/ On foot/ 10 min.



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The Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden is a garden under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of the Environment located around the border area of Shibuya and Shinjuku in Tokyo. It is truly a masterpiece of the rare landscape gardens.

This garden was built in 1906 as a garden for the royal family on the site of the residence belonging to Lord Naito, a feudal lord of the Shinshu Takato clan in the Edo period. After the war, it was turned into a public park and is loved by many people since then.

It is indeed very huge and cleverly made up of three parts: a French formal style garden with rows of beautiful plane trees, an English landscape garden with tall tulip trees and the turf that seems never-ending, and an old-fashioned Japanese garden. There are just so many trees of various types in its premise and cherry blossoms in spring and foliage season in autumn can certainly be enjoyed. The fresh greenery in the summer and snowy landscape in winter are beautiful as well. Indeed, you can have your fill of the wonderful scenes of the seasons. Additionally, cultivation of chrysanthemums is actively conducted and the chrysanthemum flowerbed in the autumn season is a sight worth seeing.

Being one of the valuable downtown oasis remaining in central Tokyo, this garden is a perfect place where you can get away from the bustle of the city to relax.

Neighborhoods in Shinjuku:

Ichigaya (市谷) is an area in the eastern portion of Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.

Kabukichō (歌舞伎町?) is an entertainment and red-light district in Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan. Kabukichō is the location of many hostess bars, host bars, love hotels, shops, restaurants, and nightclubs, and is often called the "Sleepless Town" (眠らない街). The district's name comes from late-1940s plans to build a kabuki theater: although the theater was never built, the name stuck.

The area has many movie theaters, and because it is located near Shinjuku Station, Seibu Shinjuku Station, and several other major railway and subway stations, tickets to its top attractions can be scarce.


Kagurazaka (Japanese:神楽坂) is a trendy neighbourhood in Tokyo, near Iidabashi Station. It has a sloping street at its center, lined by numerous cafés and restaurants. In the early 20th century, the area was renowned for its numerous geisha houses, of which several remain today. Currently, Kagurazaka is experiencing a popularity boom due to its traditional, sophisticated atmosphere in the middle of modern Shinjuku.

Kagurazaka is also widely regarded as an important center of Japanese cuisine within the Kanto region. Several old and famous "ryotei" are to be found in the winding back streets, often accessible only by foot. These ryotei provide expensive "kaiseki" cuisine, which is generally regarded as the pinnacle of Japanese food. Ryotei also allow diners to invite geisha to provide entertainment during the course of the evening.

The Kagurazaka Awa Odori (Japanese: 阿波踊り) festival is held the fourth Friday and Saturday each July.

At the top end of Kagurazaka is Akagi Shrine (Akagi Jinja/赤城神社).


Nishi-Shinjuku (西新宿?) is a skyscraper business district in Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.

Nishi-Shinjuku was Tokyo's first major foray into building skyscrapers with the first appearing in the 1970s with Keio Plaza Inter-Continental. Kenzo Tange's Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building being the current latest. Tower I was also the tallest building in Japan at this time.

Progress continues in Nishi-Shinjuku and in West Shinjuku which is heading away from the city center and has the site of the proposed Nishi-Shinjuku 3-Chōme Redevelopment with plans for what will be three of the 4four tallest buildings in Japan.

Seiko Epson's Tokyo Office is in the Shinjuku NS Building in Nishi-Shinjuku.[1]


Shinjuku (新宿区 Shinjuku-ku?) is one of the 23 special wards of Tokyo, Japan. It is a major commercial and administrative center, housing the busiest train station in the world (Shinjuku Station), and the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, the administration center for the government of Tokyo.

Surrounding Shinjuku Station are department stores, specialist electronic and camera shops, cinemas, restaurants and bars. Many international hotels are located here.

As of 2008, the ward has an estimated population of 312,418 and a density of 17,140 persons per km². The total area is 18.23 km².[1]

Shinjuku has the highest numbers of registered foreign nationals of any community in Tokyo. As of October 1, 2005, 29,353 non-Japanese with 107 different nationalities were registered in Shinjuku.[citation needed]

Shinjuku Ni-chōme (新宿二丁目), referred to colloquially as Ni-chōme or simply Nichō, is Area 2 in the Shinjuku District of the Shinjuku Special Ward of Tōkyō, Japan. With Tōkyō home to over 8.2 million people, and Shinjuku known as the noisiest and most crowded of its 23 special wards,[1] Ni-chōme further distinguishes itself as Tōkyō's hub of gay subculture, housing the world's highest concentration of gay bars.[2]

Within close walking distance from three train stations (Shinjuku San-chōme Station, Shinjuku Goenmae Station, and Japan's busiest train station, Shinjuku Station),[3] the Shinjuku Ni-chōme neighborhood provides a specialized blend of bars, restaurants, cafes, saunas, love hotels, gay pride boutiques, cruising boxes (hattenba), host clubs, nightclubs, massage parlors, parks, and gay book and video stores. In fact within the five blocks centering on street Naka-Dori between the BYGS building at the Shinjuku San-chōme Station and the small Shinjuku park three blocks to the east, an estimated 200-300 gay bars and nightclubs provide entertainment.

Takadanobaba (Japanese: 高田馬場 Takada-no-baba) is a neighborhood in Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan.


Yotsuya (四谷?) is a neighborhood in Shinjuku, Tokyo, Japan. It is immediately adjacent to the Kojimachi area that falls within Chiyoda. Before 1943, when Tokyo was a city, Yotsuya was one of its wards. The name is written variously as 四谷, 四ツ谷, and 四ッ谷.

As a ward, Yotsuya had definite boundaries, but as a modern neighborhood, it is less clearly defined. An area within Shinjuku is named Yotsuya, divided into four chōme.

Before the growth of Edo, Yotsuya was a farming village outside the city. In 1634, with the digging of the outer moat around Edo Castle, many temples and shrines moved to Yotsuya. The moat had stone walls, and a mitsuke, or watch tower, was also built. Yotsuya Mitsuke stood near the present-day JR Yotsuya Station.

The relocation of the temples and construction of the mitsuke brought settlements of workers, and following the devastating Meireki fire, many more people moved to Yotsuya, which had been spared. Gradually the area became part of the city of Edo.

In 1695, the shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi ordered the establishment of a vast kennel. The purpose was to board stray dogs as part of his policy of showing mercy to animals. The facility outside the Yotsuya Gate occupied 20,000 tsubo (66,000 m²; 710,000 sq ft).

In 1894, an extension of the TachikawaShinjuku line of the Kōbu Railway, predecessor of the present-day Chūō Main Line, began to operate. At that time, Yotsuya and Shinanomachi stations opened. This helped transport of raw materials, and soon pencil, tobacco and other industries moved in, bringing rapid development to the area's industry.

Prime Minister Saito Makoto lived in Yotsuya. He was assassinated at his home on February 26, 1936. This was one of the events of the February 26 Incident.

Yotsuya has figured prominently in various works of fiction. The kabuki play Yotsuya Kaidan took place there, as did the novel Teisō Mondō by Kan Kikuchi. Yotsuya was also the setting for the Shōtarō Ikenami historical novel Kenkaku Shōbai and the jidaigeki television series based on it.

Many historic temples and graves are in the neighborhood. Among them are Sainen-ji, with the grave of the ninja Hattori Hanzō and a lance once owned by him.

Famous people including author Futabatei Shimei and writer-rakugoka San'yūtei Enchō lived in Yotsuya.







In 1634, during the Edo period, as the outer moat of the Edo Castle was built, a number of temples and shrines moved to the Yotsuya area on the western edge of Shinjuku. In 1698, Naitō Shinjuku had developed as a new (shin) station (shuku or juku) on the Kōshū Kaidō, one of the major highways of that era. Naitō was a daimyo whose mansion stood in the area; his land is now a public park, the Shinjuku Gyoen.

Shinjuku began to develop into its current form after the Great Kantō earthquake in 1923, since the seismically stable area largely escaped the devastation. Consequently, West Shinjuku is one of the few areas in Tokyo with many skyscrapers.

The Tokyo air raids from May to August 1945 destroyed almost 90% of the buildings in the area in and around Shinjuku Station. [1] The pre-war form of Shinjuku, and the rest of Tokyo, for that matter, was retained after the war because the roads and rails, damaged as they were, remained, and these formed the heart of the Shinjuku in the post-war construction. Only in Kabuki-cho was a grand reconstruction plan put into action. (Ichikawa, 2003)

The present ward was established on March 15, 1947, with the merger of the former wards of Yotsuya, Ushigome, and Yodobashi.

In 1991, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government moved from the Marunouchi district of Chiyoda to the current building in Shinjuku. (The Tokyo International Forum stands on the site vacated by the government.)

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